Enrolment Model

Explore the Ministry of Education’s enrolment model by interacting with the different sections that describe each of the four main student enrolment drivers. Student enrolment is influenced by demographics, migration, public-independent transition, and course load retention. All values are reported in funded Full-Time Equivalent (FTE).

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Key Metrics and Impact

The Ministry of Education District Enrolment Model has been developed based on the Cohort Survival Method approach. This method takes into consideration the existing student population and calculates how many students will leave and enter the system in a given school year. These flows of students are grouped into the four enrolment drivers: Migration, Demographics, Independent-Public Student Transition, and Continuous Student Retention. Each of these drivers will be explained in more detail below and apply only to B.C Public School students.


Time Range
School District
District Reports
View Reports


The demographics driver provides an indication of whether more kindergarten students are entering B.C. public schools relative to those leaving the school system through graduation. If the net demographics value is positive, it indicates that more five year olds are entering Kindergarten relative to the number of Grade 12 students that are graduating.

Demographic Type
School District

Student Migration

The migration driver provides a measure of how many students are entering or leaving a district. It is further broken down into interprovincial migration, district to district migration, and international immigration. District to district migration is a transfer of students within the province, where as interprovincial or international migration involves students entering or exiting the Public School System external to B.C and external to Canada.

The following migration visualizations address District to District Migration. These values represent students from all facility types.

Where Students Go

School Year
School District
Migration Flow
Top 5 Flow
flow legend

Public-Independent Student Transition

The transition driver measures how many students move from the Independent School system to the Public School system as a net positive inflow, and movement from the Public School system to the Independent School system as a net negative outflow.

School Year
Transition Overview (% is of the total enrolment)
public school
independent school
School District
Transition Type

Full-time and Part-time Retention

The retention driver provides an indication if students are moving from a full course load to a partial course load or vice-versa. It also provides insight into whether students are advancing to the next grade in succession or repeating a grade. If net retention is positive, this could mean that there is an influx of students in the system compared to the previous year, students could be increasing their course loads compared to the previous year, or students are not advancing grades or graduating as expected. If net retention is negative, this means that the student population could be declining compared to the previous year, students could be decreasing their course load compared to the previous year, or students are graduating and advancing as expected. Comparing a school district's retention rate trend to the provincial retention rate trend can help highlight changes in policies pertaining to course loads or interesting movements of students throughout the public system.

School District

BC Provincial Student Enrolment Report

For more data at the provincial and district levels. Please view the contextual reports on the student success website.